Does the DMCA apply outside of United States?

Can we send a DMCA Takedown Notice outside the United States?

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a U. S. law, and as such applies only to the United States. On the other hand, Copyright laws are international.

Intellectual property is protected by WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization).
WIPO treaties protect copyrighted material in nearly 200 countries.

As such, when you send a DMCA Infringement Notice to a hosting provider, even if the site isn't hosted in the US, it may still comply with your formal request to take down the material.

The WIPO Copyright Treaty of December 20,1996 provided the basis for the US DMCA Act in 1998 and its European equivalent the EUCD ( European Union copyright directive) in 2001.

191 countries are members of WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization).

Only 7 UN member countries have not signed the convention: East Timor, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Solomon Islands, South Sudan.